37.4047° N, 111.6841° W
GRAND STAIRCASE-ESCALANTE NATIONAL MONUMENT IS ONE OF LARGEST PROTECTED AREAS IN THE USA - SO OBVIOUSLY THERE IS A LOT TO SEE. HERE IS THE MOST IN-DEPTH GUIDE ON THE STUNNINGLY RUGGED NATIONAL MONUMENT.
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (GSENM) is one of the largest federally protected areas in the whole contiguous United States. Measuring 1.8 million acres in size, this ginormous park is a treasure trove for adventurers looking to get off-the-beaten-path and explore a place that still feels incredibly rugged and wild. Plus, thanks to its location in southern Utah, the national monument is full of incredibly beautiful locations and landscapes just begging to be surveyed.
In this in-depth adventure travel guide to Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, you will find everything you need to know; including, the top adventures, camping information, and the best time to visit.
So with that, let's get adventuring!
HISTORY OF GRAND STAIRCASE-ESCALANTE NATIONAL MONUMENT
The human history of the Monument starts around AD 500 when the first people arrived in the area of the present day region. Both the Fremont and ancestral Puebloan people lived in the area, with the Fremont people mostly hunting and gathering below the plateau and near the Escalante Valley and the ancestral Puebloans farming in the canyons. Both groups grew plants like corn, beans, and squash and built pithouses with brush-roofs. Similarly, the two groups also took advantage of the wide array of well-sized rock outcroppings and caves and built numerous natural rock shelters. Some of these ruins can be found throughout the Monument (along with various rock art panels).
The first record of white settlers reaching the region was in 1866 when Captain James Andrus led a group to the headwaters of the Escalante River. But it would be another 5 years until another white settler actually traveled the entire length of the Escalante Canyon.
Interestingly enough, while people have been venturing into the rugged landscape, and even living there, for hundreds of years, the present day Monument was the last region to be mapped in the contiguous United States.
❔ GOOD TO KNOW: another fun fact is that the nearby town of Boulder only got electrical power in 1947. It also claims to be the last town to receive mail through the postal service by mule train.
WHAT'S IN A NAME?
The Monument actually got its name way back in 1776 thanks to two Franciscan priests - Atanasio Domínguez and Silvestre Vélez de Escalante - who were tasked with the job of finding an overland route from Santa Fe, New Mexico to Monterey, California. The two priests were joined on their journey by three guides from the Timpanogos tribe (Ute people), 10 men from Santa Fe and a Spanish cartographer.
The group journeyed through some of the most rugged and harshest landscapes in the whole USA. Those challenges eventually led the group to abandon the job and return to Santa Fe. While the journey failed to connect Santa Fe with Monterey, the maps made and documents produced did eventually aid future travelers who wanted to head in the same direction. In fact, what became known as the Dominguez-Escalante Route was the earliest template for the Old Spanish Trail.
Besides Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Francisco Silvestre Velez de Escalante’s name was also used for the Escalante Desert, Escalante River and the town of Escalante.
THE ULTIMATE GRAND STAIRCASE-ESCALANTE NATIONAL MONUMENT ADVENTURE GUIDE
\\ Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument | Fast Facts
1,880,461 acres / 7,610 square kilometers
NUMBER OF VISITORS
923,236 people in 2016
COST TO ENTER
Canyoneering, hiking and camping
\\ Important Things to Know About Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
The Monument is home to four different visitor centers scattered around southern Utah: one in Cannonville, Big Water, Escalante, and Kanab. One thing to know is that each visitor center focuses on one specific theme, from geology to paleontology.
This visitor center offers interpretive displays on human geography and Native American and Pioneer history in the Monument.
This visitor center, located on the southern side of the Monument focuses on the early geologic and paleontological discoveries in this region (including dinosaurs).
This visitor center, located in the heart of GSENM (near Hole in the Rock Road) is packed with information on the local geology and ecosystems.
This visitor center is located within the Paria River District in the town of Kanab (on the southern side of GSENM). It offers interpretive displays that focus on both geology and archaeology within the Monument.
If planning to visit any of the four visitor centers above, make sure to check their websites to make sure they are open. Some of them have condensed their hours depending on the season.
Besides the visitor centers, there are very few services within the Monument. If planning to spend a couple of days exploring its numerous sites, then come prepared with plenty of water and food and have a full tank of gas.
While there are towns close to the Monument, for the most part none of them (besides Page, Arizona) really have a lot to offer in terms of groceries or restaurants (they all do have gas stations though). Similarly, cell phone coverage is spotty at best so make sure to have everything downloaded ahead of time.
💬 INSIDER TIP: the app iOverlander (which we always use for camping) also has points for things like free potable water, laundry services, showers and trash/recycling centers. We recommend downloading the app ahead of time and orienting yourself so you have an idea of what is around you (just in case).
\\ The Best Time to Visit Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
Like much of southern Utah, GSENM has four very distinct seasons. The summers are blisteringly hot while the winters are very (very) cold. The best time to visit would be in either the fall (September - early November) or spring (March - May).
We have visited the Monument twice in November and once in December and all three trips consisted of very nice midday temperatures (mid-50s to 60s) but extremely cold nights. If planning to explore during a similar time we recommend either bringing as much cold winter camping gear as possible or booking a spot at a cabin, lodge or hotel/motel (we really like this one!).
❔ GOOD TO KNOW: if planning to go canyoneering in GSENM during the late fall, be prepared for a bit of icy water in many of the canyons. Even in canyons that say DRY except at least a couple of pools - especially in keeper potholes and slot canyons.
\\ How to Get To Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
As you might expect for the last place to be mapped in the USA, GSENM is relatively difficult to reach. And by difficult, we just mean it is way far away from really any form of civilization (the roads are totally fine).
FROM LAS VEGAS
303 miles / 4 hours and 40 minutes
FROM SALT LAKE CITY
312 miles / 4 hours and 47 minutes
510 miles / 8 hours and 22 minutes
470 miles / 7 hours and 40 minutes
The best city to head to if planning to explore the monument is Escalante, Utah. The town, though rather small, does offer plenty of lodging facilities, a couple of small, locally-owned grocery stores and a few restaurants.
If looking to pick up supplies along the way, your best bet would be to stop in Saint George if coming from Las Vegas, Price if coming from Salt Lake City, Grand Junction if coming from Denver and Page if coming from Phoenix.
\\ Top Adventures in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
Due to its diversity, you can find many different types of canyons within the Monument. Luckily, many of them offer either exceptional slot canyons or epic rappels (and sometimes both). Most of the best canyons are located near the towns of either Escalante or Boulder.
Below are a few of our favorite canyons:
MICRO DEATH HOLLOW
This one-rappel canyon is great if you are looking to spend at least part of your day in a canyon (aka it is pretty short). While it only has one rappel, what an amazing rappel it is. Measuring 84 meters or 276 feet, this rappel is how you actually drop into the canyon. It is like one super-long dark tube that eventually ends in a little pool (sometimes full of water). It is long, it is dark, it is epic.
After the one rappel you get to explore some tight slot canyons, deal with a keeper pothole, and if you are doing it in the winter, likely some ice-covered pools. Plus, the hike out is super chill and allows you to take in views of the Escalante River below and some unique tortoise shell-like rock formations.
💬 INSIDER TIP: because there really is only one rappel you can actually leave your rope at the anchor and come back and get it later for the hike out follows the same hike in.
Learn more about Micro Death Hollow here.
Another great option if looking to go canyoneering in GSENM is to head down Hole in the Rock Road until you reach the Egypt area (about 16 miles down the road). Neon Canyon contains 3 rappels up to 25 meters (83 feet) and is a great option if heading out in the warmer months for there is usually a lot of water.
But what makes this canyon so great is the opportunity to explore the famous Golden Cathedral, likely the most photographed area in the whole monument, while also getting to adventure through an equally stunning canyon. Plus, you get to do a bit of problem solving when it comes to the numerous keeper potholes that dot the route.
❔ GOOD TO KNOW: this canyon has always been at the top of our list when it comes to canyoneering in GSENM, the only problem? We usually visit in the colder months and if there is one thing to be sure of with this canyon is that you will have to do a fair bit of swimming.
Learn more about the canyon here.
UPPER RED BREAKS
If you are looking to head out into the colorful GSENM landscape and aren’t looking for a super technical canyon, then Upper Red Breaks might be the perfect fit.
With only one rappel (measuring a somewhat measly 8 meters or 27 feet) the main perk of this route is the opportunity to explore some stunning slot canyons and multi-colored rock layers. While the canyon should only take around 6 hours total, if you have the whole day make sure to slow down and take your time - especially in the slottier sections.
The only thing you do need to be aware of with this canyon is that, unlike many other canyoneering routes, this one does require a bit of climbing. While it is nothing incredibly difficult, be prepared for a bit of problem solving and maybe bring a partner so you have someone to help assist.
Learn more about the canyon here.
If you are planning to go canyoneering in the Monument then we highly, highly recommend checking out either Road Trip Ryan - our go-to website for canyoneering beta - or BluuGnome, another good site for information.
HIKING AND BACKPACKING
Another great way to explore the Monument is to head out on one of the numerous trails that crisscross the rough landscape. A few things to keep in mind though when planning to head out into the desert is that water is scarce and the sun can be intense - definitely carry enough water with you (1L per person is a good start). Also, due to the rather rugged landscape and overall lack of infrastructure, many of the trails are not very well-marked (this isn’t Yosemite or Rocky Mountain National Park). It is always a good idea to bring a downloaded/offline map of your trail with you and a GPS device if possible.
CALF CREEK FALLS
One of the most popular hikes in the area is this relatively easy out and back hike to the pretty Calf Creek Falls. The trail measures 6.7 miles and mostly follows Calf Creek. Along the way, you can also see prehistoric rock art that dates back to AD 1200. At the end of the trail, if the weather is nice, you can also swim in the pool that forms under the falls. To reach the trailhead, head out on Highway 12 from Escalante for 16 miles. The trailhead is located in the BLM-managed Calf Creek Campground ($15 /night, open year-round).
❔ GOOD TO KNOW: the trail is accessible year-round, though in spring it really comes alive with plants. Also, dogs can use the trail though they must be kept on a leash.
ESCALANTE RIVER TRAIL
Located just a few miles from Lower Calf Creek Falls is another great trail. This one can either be done as a day hike or as a multi-day backpack. From the trailhead on Highway 12 you can hike along the Escalante River all the way to the town of Escalante around 15 miles away (by trail).
Along the river trail you will also have access to some Anasazi ruins and a petroglyph panel. Similarly, the trail also heads underneath Escalante Natural Bridge, a large skyline arch that measures 130 feet high. For most of the hike you will be following the Escalante River - which stays a couple of inches deep the whole way - though you do occasionally head out onto flat grassy areas (which can be quite toasty in summertime).
The trail does eventually spit you out in the town of Escalante where you can find food and lodging.
You can learn more about the trail here.
ZEBRA AND TUNNEL SLOT CANYONS